Tracking the 110th United States Congress
New! Legislative Analysis Community Blog: A new blog has started on the front page of GovTrack for nonpartisan, thoughtful analysis of legislative issues, written by citizens like you. Join in to help others track Congress---it's a community effort! Your thoughts wanted!
Full Text Options
View which version?

A bill may be modified on its way to becoming law. These versions of this bill are available:

Versions are posted as the Government Printing Office and THOMAS make updates available, which is usually shortly after a bill comes out of committee, after a vote on passage, and after a conference committee. Above, newer versions are listed first.

Legislation > 2001-2002 (107th Congress) > H.R. 2175 [107th]
H.R. 2175 [107th]: Born-Alive Infants Protection Act of 2002

Bill Status

Introduced:Jun 14, 2001
Sponsor:Rep. Steven Chabot [R-OH]
Go to Bill Status Page

Use the View which version? panel on the left to view the different versions of this bill available on its way to becoming law. You are viewing the following version of this bill:

Enrolled Bill: This is the final text of the bill or resolution as approved by both the Senate and House, as it is sent to the President in the case of a bill.

Text of Legislation


One Hundred Seventh Congress

of the

United States of America


Begun and held at the City of Washington on Wednesday,

the twenty-third day of January, two thousand and two

An Act

To protect infants who are born alive.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,


    This Act may be cited as the `Born-Alive Infants Protection Act of 2002'.


    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 1 of title 1, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

`Sec. 8. `Person', `human being', `child', and `individual' as including born-alive infant

    `(a) In determining the meaning of any Act of Congress, or of any ruling, regulation, or interpretation of the various administrative bureaus and agencies of the United States, the words `person', `human being', `child', and `individual', shall include every infant member of the species homo sapiens who is born alive at any stage of development.

    `(b) As used in this section, the term `born alive', with respect to a member of the species homo sapiens, means the complete expulsion or extraction from his or her mother of that member, at any stage of development, who after such expulsion or extraction breathes or has a beating heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles, regardless of whether the umbilical cord has been cut, and regardless of whether the expulsion or extraction occurs as a result of natural or induced labor, cesarean section, or induced abortion.

    `(c) Nothing in this section shall be construed to affirm, deny, expand, or contract any legal status or legal right applicable to any member of the species homo sapiens at any point prior to being `born alive' as defined in this section.'.

    (b) CLERICAL AMENDMENT- The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 1 of title 1, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

      `8. `Person', `human being', `child', and `individual' as including born-alive infant.'.

Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Vice President of the United States and

President of the Senate.